黑改苦教

Pronounced: hēi gǎi kǔ jiào
Literally: dark reform bitter education
Means: “The labour camp is dark and reeducation through labour is bitter.”

Related phrases include:

  • 劳动改造
    láodòng ​gǎizào
    (Reform through labour)
  • 劳改
    láo​gǎi
    (1. shorthand for 劳动改造; 2. a prison camp)
  • 劳动教养
    láo​dòng​ jiào​yǎng
    (Reeducation through labour)
  • 劳教
    láo​jiào
    (shorthand for 劳动教养)

You can see/hear some of these terms, with English subtitles, between 7:10 and 8:47 of this Al-Jazeera investigative report.

The sign says:
Who are you
What is this place
Why have you come here

You can find the answers to those questions in the video linked above.

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