The “floating population of China” – the tens of millions who leave grueling peasant life behind to take their chances with a quasi-legal existence in China’s cities – wears many different hats in Tianjin, but construction crews or factory workers are probably the most typical. This is the second time work crews have pitched camp literally right outside our stairwell entrance. Most of these photos were taken just last week from the kitchen window (click the photos for a larger view).
Workers often live at their temporary job site in big green tents. Most of the ones we see are tucked in neighbourhoods like ours, digging up pipes, installing manholes and fire hydrants, or in this case, TV cable, which you can see in spools littered on the lawn and piled outside the tent’s back right corner. The striped tarp wrapped around the tree and light pole may have been the bathroom.
The banner announces that the “Great Wall Broadband” company is doing work in the neighbourhood, and politely asks everyone to pardon the inconvenience.
Their camp is a few notches above the previous work crews’, as evidenced by the washing machine. Since these are country guys, their stares at the foreigners are more blatant. I had these guys targeted for a language practice session, where I prep some specific grammar and vocab and then go try and use it on people that it would fit more naturally, and was really looking forward to properly meeting them. But they didn’t stick around too long. As usual, when the job’s done they throw everything on a truck and drive off:
Peasants can’t just up and move their hÃ¹ kÇ’u (æˆ·å£ – legal residence) from rural to urban districts. The whole hÃ¹ kÇ’u system was originally designed to restrict population movement in the first place. This puts migrant workers at a distinct disadvantage when it comes to urban social services, such as getting their kids into schools, though it’s reported that things are being done to address these problems. China’s cities need the cheap labour for the unbelievable amount of building going on, but can’t fully accommodate the extra population. Migrants are ineligible for many social services available to registered urban residents.
Here’s a look inside their tent as they were packing up:
You can see the beds, some playing cards strewn on one of them. This was their home for two weeks in our neighbourhood. I have no idea how long they’ve been living in this tent, or how long they’ll continue to live in it. They might not even know either.
It’s estimated that at it’s peak, roughly the entire population of Canada migrated into China’s cities every year. However, there are only so many working age people in China’s countryside, and the numbers of new migrants are dropping. This means that cheap labour will start to become not quite as cheap, and rural areas are already noticing the lack of younger, able-bodied farmers.
Getting your hÃ¹ kÇ’u (æˆ·å£) changed is not always easy, even if your request is legal, as we witnessed a local friend trying earlier this year. It requires filling out the various forms of different relevant parties, which in the West can be annoying but is still guaranteed to go through if you fill out the forms properly and you qualify. Not so for our friend. Submitting forms means anticipating the need to convince the various relevant administrators to actually care enough to “chop” (red official stamp) your paperwork. Any one of the people involved could quite easily block the process for virtually no reason without fearing recourse if the applicant is merely an anonymous member of the public. Our friend prepared a large sum of money in advance in addition to the set administrative fees and his travel expenses, so he’d be prepared to present “gifts” at the appropriate times. His story of successfully transferring his hÃ¹ kÇ’u (æˆ·å£) to Tianjin is one of navigating the bureaucracy by eventually relying on some guÄn xÃ¬ (å…³ç³»; “connections”) to get the job done. That means and old associate put in a word with someone who knew someone of consequence in the relevant department, and his paperwork made it through after a few twists and detours. Migrant workers from the countryside, however, are not eligible to apply for urban residency.